This study was carried
out to assess the soil fertility status for maize (Zea mays) production in
soils of sixteen villages of Moshi Rural, Kilimanjaro region in February 2019.
Sixteen field soil samples were collected through random sampling approach. A
total of sixteen soil parameters including soil reaction (pH), Organic carbon
(OC), nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P), and Sulfur (S) Exchangeable bases (Calcium
(Ca), magnesium (Mg), sodium (Na), and
potassium (K), Extractable micronutrients (Manganese (Mn), aluminum
(Al), Zinc (Zn), Iron (Fe) and Boron (B) was tested in the soil laboratory in
Agricultural Research Institute Mlingano Tanzania.
The soil analysis
results indicated that, the studied soils were strongly acidic (5.0-5.9)
indicating the need for liming to raise up the soil pH. The concentration of
total nitrogen in Moshi Rural maize growing farms was very low to low (0.01 to
0.1%). The concentration of phosphorus ranges from 1-3 mg/l with an average of
2.742 suggesting that all studied areas should be considered for P
supplementation. Exchangeable Na in the studied soils varies from 0.01 to 0.1
cmol (+) kg-1 with the average of 0.0154. This value suggests that
exchangeable Na in the studied soils is very low with the implication that the
studied soils are not salt affected. Micronutrients were seen as not a problem
in the studied soils.
The studied soils generally are poor in soil fertility. Total nitrogen levels are very low, phosphorus is very low to medium and exchangeable bases and extractable micronutrients and equally very low to medium. Application of farm yard manure available in the locality, in combination with Diammonium phosphate or NPK is recommended at the average rate of 50 Kg per acre during planting and CAN, MOP and NPK during top-dress.
Please read full article : – www.journalajsspn.com
Rice is the
second-largest crop in Pakistan as it contributes 1.3% share in the GDP of
For the last couple of
year’s rice economy is caught up in a very complex situation. The present study
was designed to find the yield gap, cost of production, technical efficiency
and BCR (Benefit Cost Ratio) in rice production. To achieve the study
objectives, data were collected from 150 respondents. These respondents were
selected from eight villages of District Sheikhupura by using a purposive
random sampling technique. Data were collected by using a well-developed and
pre-tested questionnaire by conducting personnel interviews.
Results of descriptive
analysis showed that the average farm size of the farmers was 14.85 acres. BCR
(Benefit Cost Ratio) of fine and coarse rice varieties were 1.13 and 1.11,
respectively. To Support rice production and to minimize the farmer’s losses,
the Government should announce the support price of rice. The cost of
production can be reduced by imposing strict vigilance and control over the
read full article : – www.journalajahr.com
A set of analytical
equations are developed for calculating the beam-column assemblage flexure
action capacity and compression arching action capacity under a middle column
removal scenario. The suggested equations covered most of the main parameters
affecting the assemblage behavior including seismic detailing, longitudinal
reinforcement ratios, concrete confinement, and the contribution of concrete
flanged slabs. The proposed analytical model for predicting the flexural and
compression arching action capacities is validated with a large number of
experimental results. The model provides a good estimation for 79 beam-column
assemblages with several geometrical, reinforcement configurations, and
material parameters. The mean values of the experimental to the theoretical
ratio for calculating flexure and compression arching capacities are 1.15 and
1.16, respectively. The predictions of previous compression arch action models
are found to be more conservative. Finally, the proposed model is utilized in
parametric studies including all key parameters that affected resistance of the
beam-column assemblages against progressive collapse.
read full article : – www.journaljerr.com
(Pakkavatham) is the second leading mortality cause in global and death
occurrence rates, rising in middle to older aged people. This condition is
increased due to the dietary pattern and lifestyle modifications.
Aim: To determine about
the interrelationship of Type II Diabetes Mellitus DM) and Systemic
Hypertension (SHT) associated with hemiplegia.
Study Design: Cross
Sectional Descriptive Observational Study.
Place and Duration of Study:
This study work was carried out in 50 patients in Government Siddha Medical
College and Hospital, Palayamkottai, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu from April 2019 to
Materials and Methods:
This study was carried in 50 subjects (30 subjects in Out Patient Department
(OPD) and 20 subjects in In Patient Department (IPD) were randomly selected and
the data were collected by interviewing with a structured questionnaire. The
ethical clearance was attained from the Institutional Ethical Committee.
Results: The highest
incidence was male patients (38%) than female patients, the affected age group
was 51-60 years. The prevalence was seen in male alcoholic consumers (46%),
chronic smokers (44%) respectively. The incidence was mostly seen in
hypertensive (70%) and non-diabetic (46%) male patients. Among the 50 patients,
14 patients (28%) had both SHT and DM. The most prevalence was seen in
hypertensive patients than DM or SHT combined with DM patients. The moderate
improvement was seen in the patients (32%) of control blood pressure and serum
Conclusion: The SHT may
influence in the prevalence of Pakkavatham and control blood pressure and serum
glucose level may be improved the good prognosis in Pakkavatham patients.
read full article : – www.journaljocamr.com
Background: Wide range of
microorganisms produced secondary metabolites as microbial activities in
Aims: The aim of this
research is the extraction of the red colored pigment, prodigiosin from
Serratia marcesens isolated from the soil and evaluate its antibacterial
activity against different strains of oxacillin/methicillin-resistant
Staphylococcus S. aureus.
Study Design: Two
isolates, namely, RMN1 and RMN2, belonging to the Genus, Serratia from two soil
samples collected from two strategic locations in University of Abuja, Nigeria
were isolated. The isolates were morphologically distinct on the basis of spore
colour, aerial and substrate mycelium formation and production of diffusible
pigment. Isolates were Gram stained, observed under a microscope and were seen
to be Gram negative. Biochemical tests revealed that the two isolates were
catalase and citrate positive, and were oxidase negative. One of the two
isolates was observed to have significant antibiotic producing potential, and
the antibacterial activity of the produced antibiotics (red pigment extracted
from cultural supernatants of the isolates grown on Peptone glycerol agar) was
assessed using the agar-well diffusion method and streaking agar method.
Results: The results
indicated that the pigment extracted in vitro had varying antibacterial
activity at different concentrations of 500 mg/ml, 250 mg/ml, 125 mg/ml and
62.5 mg/ml against four strains of the test organism (Staphylococcus aureus)
titled S1 to S4, the extracted pigment was more effective at concentration 500
mg/ml against the antibiotic resistant S. aureus with the MIC at 125 mg/ml.
Conclusion: The results indicated that the soil of this region could be a good source of prodigiosin having antibacterial activity and thus enable the use of micro-organisms as biological control agents.
read full article : – www.journalsajrm.com
Introduction: Neuroblastoma is an extremely rare pediatric neoplasm whose prognosis becomes poor as the age advances. It can be sporadic or nonfamilial in origin. It is primarily a tumor of abdominal origin from where it metastasis to lymph nodes, liver, intracranial and orbital sites, and central nervous system The purpose of this paper is to report a case in which scalp nodules and inguinal lymph node was the initial presenting sign of disseminated neuroblastoma in a 2 year-old child.
Case Presentation: We report a rare case of metastasis of neuroblastoma in a 2-year-old child presenting complain of fever for several weeks, anorexia, loss of weight , arthralgia and multiple scalp nodules and inguinal lymph node enlargement . Biopsy was receive from the scalp and inguinal lymph nodes showed undifferentiated tumor tissue where medium sized atypical blastoid tumor cells were located in clusters and sheets in an eosinophilic sometimes fibrillary background showing blood vessels. The sinuses were also infiltrated by these tumor cells. Immunohistochemically, Pan Leucocyte antigen was negative as also myogenin and CD99. However, CD 56 and synaptophysin are strongly positive and the neuroblastoma marker was weakly positive in the neuropil-like structures and the cytoplasm of some tumor cells.
Conclusion: The addition of our case to the literature offers new clinicopathological data useful for better deﬁning the diagnosis. The differential diagnosis of neuroblastoma in a child presenting with multiple scalp nodules and inguinal lymph node enlargement should be consider.
read full article : – www.journalajcrmh.com
necessitate a repeated observation of serum glucose levels in the body. The
commonly used diagnostic fluid for finding the glucose levels in the blood, but
it is an invasive and unpleasant custom.
Methods: Twenty diabetic
and non-diabetic subjects were randomly selected. The perceptible assessment of
blood and salivary glucose levels were performed by the glucose oxidase enzyme
method using glucose oxidase-peroxidase kit.
Results: A correlation
was observed between HbA1c and salivary glucose of diabetic as well as
non-diabetic subjects. The result showed a highly convinced positive
correlation between salivary glucose and serum glucose in both diabetic
patients and controls.
Conclusion: From this study, it was achieved that salivary glucose level was a nearly new noninvasive indicative technique, and used as a survey tool to estimate the glycemic state of Type II diabetes mellitus patients.
read full article : – www.journalajds.com
Lactic acid bacteria produce lactic acid as the major end product during sugar fermentation. This study was carried out to isolate lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from pupuru; a staple cassava food. The result of the bacterial count indicated that the count ranges from 3.1 × 104 CFU/g to 8.7 × 104 CFU/g. Base on the Gram reaction, microscopic morphology and biochemical characteristics, the isolated LAB were identified as Pediococcus halophilus, Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus brevis, and Lactobacillus fermentum. Analysis of the percentage of occurrence of the lactic acid bacteria indicated that Lactobacillus casei (50.0%) was the most dominant LAB, P. halophilus, Lactobacillus brevis, L. fermentum were least occurring (16.7%). The amylase enzyme index showed that P. halophilus had no enzyme index while L. casei and L. fermentum had enzyme index of 4.00 mm while L. brevis had an enzyme index of 3.00 mm. Of the LAB isolated, only L. casei (0.064 µg/mL) had invertase activity. L. fermentum (0.099 µg/mL) and L. casei (0.08 µg/mL) showed considerable effect in the production of amylase. The result of this study indicated that Lactobacillus brevis, L. casei, and L. fermentum will be a viable addition in the amylase production industries while L. casei could be investigated further for enhancement in enzyme production.
Please read full article : – www.journalajrb.com
India has made impressive progress in terms of growth, education, caste system
and untouchability etc. Caste and untouchability have been much studied
subjects of Indian social setting. Dalits comprised a group of people
traditionally regarded as untouchables. The position of Dalits in the state of
Punjab is quite different from that of Dalits in other parts of India. One of
the distinguishing features of Dalits in Punjab is their numerical strength
(31.9%). Other distinguishing features are their high literacy rate, emigration
and active political participation. The study had a specific objective to
access change in the social status of Dalits. The study was conducted in Doaba
region of Punjab. Two blocks from each of the four districts of Doaba region
were selected randomly. Two villages from each block were further selected and
then 10 Dalit respondents from each village were interviewed personally with
the help of an interview schedule. Thus total sample size was comprised of 160
respondents. The study found the increase in the education level of
respondents. They were deviating from traditional occupation of agricultural
labour to government jobs and to other ventures. A small percentage had moved
to the upper caste locality in the village. Emigration and political
participation were emerged as important factors in better social status. They
were no more dependent on upper caste for cash or kind. Overall development of the
society has affected the conditions of Dalits, the affirmative action programmes of the
government have contributed to the improvement of their conditions.
read full article : – www.journalcjast.com
The study was
conducted during 2016-17 in Udupi district of Karnataka state of India. The
farmers who are registered for mobile agro-advisory services for receiving all
agricultural information through SMS were considered as a target group for the
study. There were 4000 registered Agro-met Advisory users and 1400 registered
users in KVK. Among those registered farmers 40 farmers from each existing
three taluks viz. Udupi, Karkala & Kundapur were selected as respondents
for the study. Thus the sample size of the study comprises of 120 respondents.
The contribution of selected independent variable with the knowledge and
adoption were analysed. It could be observed from the results that, ‘F’ value
(6.412) obtained was significant at one per cent level of significance
indicating that all the independent variables put together contributed significantly
to the variation in the extent of the knowledge level of the farmers. The
coefficient of determination (R2) was 0.5316, which revealed that the variation
in the extent of knowledge about mobile messages by the farmers was together
explained by all the independent variables selected for the study. It could be
observed from the results that, ‘F’ value (5.160) obtained was significant at
one per cent level of significance indicating that, all the independent
variables put together contributed significantly to the variation in the extent
of adoption of mobile agro-advisory services by the farmers. The coefficient of
determination (R2) was 0.408, which revealed that the variation in the extent
of adoption of mobile agro-advisory services by the farmers was together
explained by all the independent variables selected for the study. Hence, the
present study helps the Krishi Vignan Kendras (KVKs) and Government for further
improvement in providing mobile agro-advisory services to the farming
read full article : – journalajaees.com